We provide Health-Care Advice, Counselling & Guidance for patients and doctors . Our goal is to provide appropriate medical advice which allows our users to understand and choose their next course of action.
Our online portal is designed to connect with our users in a timely and coordinated fashion to ensure a minimum time lapse.
We intend to provide facts about common illnesses and spread awareness about diseases through our blog.
Subscribe to this blog
Follow by Email
Vitamin B Complex
Vitamin B6 Pyridoxine / Pyridoxal / Pyridoxamine
Vit B 6 is referred as pyridoxine which is available from plant sources and Pyridoxal phosphate which is available from animal sources.
The vitamin is found in legumes, wheat grain covering(bran), meat, nuts etc.
Deficiency states are due to poor intake of the vitamin. It can also occur if the bran is removed from wheat and starvation states. Deficiency may occur if less than .2 mg is taken daily. If a person is put on antituberculosis drug Isoniazid, deficiency symptoms can occur. This drug interacts with pyridoxal phosphate and hence vitamin B 6 is given together with Isoniazid to TB patients.
Symptoms of deficiency are burning and strange sensations in hands and feet (neuropathy), confusion, madness (psychosis), anemia, fits, depression, red tongue and seborrhea.
Deficiency is treated by giving Vit B6 in a dose of 50 mg/day. Intake of > 100 mg/day may cause toxic side effects which can be severe.
Vitamin B12 Cyanocobalmin
Vitamin B12 is otherwise also known as cyanocobalamin. It is required daily in minuscule quantities (1 microgram /day).
This vitamin is not available in plant-based food and requires acid in the stomach and a binding factor for its absorption. It is absorbed in the last part of intestines.
Deficiency is seen in strict vegetarians (Vegans), alcoholics, after prolonged acid-blocking drugs, diseases of terminal ileum etc.
Diagnosis is made easily by checking blood levels once the diagnosis is suspected.
Deficiency manifests in the form of anemia with large RBCs (megaloblasts), unsteadiness of gait, loss of position and vibration sense in feet, bladder and bowel incontinence, impotence and decrease cognitive abilities (dementia). The changes may become permanent if not treated early and may even result in death. Deficiency can also cause an increase in homocysteine levels and increased likelihood of heart attacks and strokes.
In overt deficiency, it is given by injections to ensure rapid action. Oral preparations are also available for regular use.
For patients suffering from type II /adult onset diabetes :In type II diabetes, diagnosis is often late (after the disease has already been present for some time). In early days T2DM (short for the adult type of diabetes) are often without symptoms. Hence the delay in diagnosis. This means complications will be seen early after diagnosis. Foot Care :
Foot disease in diabetes may lead to difficulty in walking, pain and may lead to infections. If neglected amputation may be required.
Inspect feet with a mirror before going to sleep every night.
Use well fitting shoewear.
Do not walk bare feet even in the house.
Socks should be clean and correct size.
In case of deformities of feet, special shoes can be worn. Eye Care :
It is nowadays the commonest cause of blindness throughout the world. Continue Reading ~ Second Medical Opinion / Advice
Nephrotic Syndrome Kidneys receive approximately 1 liter of blood every minute. Of this, about 100 ml gets filtered in the kidney. This contains, small molecules and few large molecules. This is due to the intricate cellular structure that prevents proteins from getting filtered into the urinary space. A derangement of this filter results in passage of heavy amounts of proteins in urine. This condition is called HeavyProteinuria or Nephrotic syndrome or Nephrosis. Definition:
In the urine, the protein excretion is > 3.5 gm/day or in children, it is >50mg/kg of body weight. In most cases, the serum albumin is <3gm/dl (normal>4), and passage of lipids in the urine. The lipids in the blood increase and swelling of face and feet also occur. Causes of Nephrotic Syndrome:
In children, most cases are due to Minimal Change Disease, FSGS, MPGN etc. In adults, most cases are due to primary illness while upto 30% may be due to secondary illness. Clinical Features:
Apart from Edema, ther…
Asthma or Bronchial Asthma is a common disease. About 75 % cases start in childhood before 10 years of age. A large no of patients stop having symptoms at the time of puberty and some may again have the disease in the later years. It is uncommon after 50 years of age. It can be troublesome, disabling and if not treated properly may be dangerous.
The disease results from heightened reactivity of the airways in response to irritants, allergens, fumes and at times exercise. It is typically intermittent and a person feels well when there is no ongoing attack of asthma. Symptoms:
Symptoms of asthma are shortness of breath, difficulty in breathing, cough and whistling sounds during breathing. These symptoms may also be seen in a no of heart, lung or infective conditions. Hence the diagnosis is usually made by experienced doctors after a few episodes have occurred!
The important markers of the disease are rapid reversibility of the signs and symptoms with appropriate treatment or spontaneousl…