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It is a disease caused by a protozoan parasite named Plasmodium. The various species are
P falciparum, P vivax, P malariae, P ovale and P knowlesi.
First 2 are common in India. P ovale is found only in Africa. P malariae is also rare while it is not certain whether P knowlesi transmission occurs through monkeys.
The disease is spread from one human being to another by the bite of female Anopheles mosquito. This bites during the night (after sunset) till day break.
Transmission is influenced by no of mosquitoes, no of bites, the no of parasites in the blood which is ingested by mosquitoes and the no of parasites in the saliva of mosquitoes injected in man.
Falciparum is usually more dangerous than vivax. However, more and more cases of complicated vivax malaria are being seen now.
After a bite of infected man by mosquitoes, it takes 8 to 30 days before the mosquito can transmit malaria. Malaria FREE ~ 2nd Medical Advice / Opinion
CKD ( Chronic kidney disease)
Causes:The common causes of CKD are Long standing Diabetes mellitus Hypertension Chronic glomerular diseases ( usually underlying cause is obscure) Chronic interstitial diseases Stone disease or other obstructive diseases like enlarged prostate, narrowing of urethra, cancer of cervix in woman or prostate in man, Genetic diseases Polycystic kidneys, vesicoureteric reflux Acute kidney injury that does not recover, Analgesic abuse, HIV related kidney disease etc. CKD (Chronic Kidney Disease)FREE ~ 2nd Medical Advice / Opinion